# Unit 1 Section 2 : Flow Charts for Practical Tasks

A flow chart is a way of showing how a task should be carried out.
 All the flow charts we will be looking at begin with a Start Point and finish with an End Point. These look like this on the chart : Most of the boxes on a flow chart are instructions, which tell you what to do next. These appear in rectangular boxes like the one shown on the right: Sometimes a question needs to be answered to decide what instruction should happen next. These questions are put in decision boxes like the one on the right:

To construct a flow chart we need to think about the order in which the operations need to occur, then draw the chart.

## Flow Chart Example 1

We will now draw a flow chart for having a bath.

We start by thinking about the steps involved:
(1) Fill the bath with water
(2) Get undressed.
(3) Get into bath.
(4) Wash.
(5) Get out of bath.
(6) Empty the bath water.
(7) Get dressed.

Now we need to draw the chart with instruction boxes.
There are no decisions on this chart - the steps all follow
on from one another. Remember the Start and End boxes.

The final chart is shown on the right. Of course some
people might do some of these steps in a different order,
but hopefully they get undressed before getting in the bath!

## Flow Chart Example 2

The step Fill the bath with water in the previous example
could have been more detailed. For example, you need to
check if there is enough water and whether it is at the right
temperature while running the bath.

Again we need to think about the steps involved:
(1) Turn on the hot and cold taps.
(2) Is it too hot or cold? If it is, go to step 3, otherwise go to step 4.
(3) Adjust the hot and cold taps and go back to step 2.
(4) Wait for 2 minutes.
(5) Is the bath full? If it is, go to step 7, otherwise go to step 6.
(6) Go back to step 4.
(7) Turn off the hot and cold taps.

Now we need to draw the chart. This time we need to
use decision boxes for steps 2 (where the temperature of the
water is checked) and 5 (where it is checked if the bath is full).

The final chart is shown on the right.

## Exercises

In the questions below, you will need to fill in the detail on some flow charts for practical tasks.

In each one you will be given several operations to choose from and a flow chart to fill in. When you have finished, click on the button to find out whether you have answered correctly. If your answer is completely right then will appear and you should move on to the next question. If appears then part of your answer is wrong. Click on to have another go. If you can't work out the right answer then click on to see the answer.

Filling in diagrams

At various points in this exercise you will need to fill in flow charts by picking items and placing them in the correct place. The boxes on the right are for practising this process.

To copy a letter into a box, first click on the letter, then click the box where you want it to go. An arrow will show the currently selected letter. To clear a box, make sure no letter is selected, and then click that box.

Try putting the word BED in the blue boxes, then check if you are correct below.

Question 1
The flow chart on the right is meant to show the steps
for making and drinking a glass of blackcurrant squash.

Place the instructions below in the flow chart.
Make sure you put the instructions in the correct order.

Question 2
The flow chart on the right is meant to show the steps
for stopping working on a computer and shutting it down.

Place the instructions below in the flow chart.
Some of the instructions are not required - you should
only include those which are relevant to the task.

Question 3
The flow chart on the right is meant to show the steps
for working out 4.72 divided by 1.18 on a calculator.

Place the instructions below in the flow chart.
Some of the instructions are not required - you should
only include those which are relevant to the task.

Question 4
The flow chart on the right is meant to show the steps
for safely crossing the road. There is a decision box in
this flow chart.

Place the boxes below in the flow chart.

Question 5
The flow chart on the right is meant to show the steps
for making a move in a 'Snakes and Ladders' game.

Place the boxes below in the flow chart. Some are
instruction boxes and some are decision boxes, so
you need to decide which is which.

You have now completed Unit 1 Section 2
 Your overall score for this section is Correct Answers You answered questions correctly out of the questions in this section. Incorrect Answers There were questions where you used the Tell Me button. There were questions with wrong answers. There were questions you didn't attempt.
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Produced by A.J. Reynolds December 2002